Doctors Cause Death! Doctors Are The Third Leading Cause of Death in the US, Causing 250,000 Deaths Every Year

Doctors Cause Death! Doctors Are The Third Leading Cause of Death in the US, Causing 250,000 Deaths Every Year

Do you know which the leading causes of death in the USA are? If you’re thinking about heart diseases and cancer, you’re right. Next on the list are chronic lower respiratory diseases and accidents.

However, a new study has emerged, which states that medical errors might be the third leading cause of death in the US, right after heart disease and cancer.

That sounds scary, right? Let’s take a look at the details, shall we?

The CDC facts

The Central for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) complies a list of the most common causes of death every year. The purpose of this list is to inform the public, raise awareness for these diseases and set priorities for future research.

How does the CDC create the list? Well, they use the death certificates, issued by:

  • doctors
  • medical examiners
  • coroners
  • funeral directors

But this method for defining cause of death has one major disadvantage. There is something called the International Classification of Disease code, which physicians use to classify diseases and medical conditions when they fill death certificates or health records.

You see the problem is that there is no code for medical errors. So if a person dies of a heart attack due to a doctor’s misdiagnosis, the written cause of death will be a heart attack, not medical error.

A new study uncovers horrible facts

Officially, the CDC reports around 150,000 deaths due to medical errors in a year. But in 2016, a new study conducted by Dr. Martin Makary from the John Hopkins University School of Medicine appeared.

Dr. Makary and his colleague Michael Daniel started by studying death rate data (2000-2008) and then hospitalization rates (2013). Using other published studies, they concluded that medical errors cause about 251,000 deaths in the USA in a year.

If you divide this number by 365 days, you’ll see that nearly 690 people die every day due to a medical error. For comparison, 155,000 people die a year from chronic lower respiratory diseases and 146,000 of accidental injuries.

What’s more, the study only encompasses hospital deaths. It doesn’t include deaths at homes or nursery homes, so according to Dr. Makary, the actual number could be even larger.

What’s a medical error?

If a surgeon forgets his instrument in you during surgery, that’s a huge medical error. However, things are not always black and white. Dr. Makary defines medical errors as any intervention that causes a preventable death. His list also includes:

  • diagnostic errors
  • medicine dose errors
  • improper procedures
  • communication breakdowns
  • failure to do certain tests

As you see, death might not be caused directly by the doctor, but it could be a combination of factors.

Dr. Makary study concludes that there is a rising need for a more accurate way of collecting death data. The researcher also points out that the death certificate should indicate whether the death is related to a medical error or not.

Medical errors are not something we like to talk about, but they happen every day. Hospitals should take a good look at how their system works and create safety nets to decrease the number of these mistakes as much as possible.

The American Health Care System Explained at Last!

The American Health Care System Explained at Last!

The USA spends more on health care than any other country in the world, and there is no surprise here because it has one of the most complex and complicated health care systems.

If you come from a country with a different health system in place or you’re just trying to figure out what your best options are, understanding the American health care system is crucial.

To help you, I’m going to explain the American health care system in simple terms.

Understanding the basics

The American health care system is a complicated relationship between:

  • health care providers (doctors, nurses, hospitals)
  • insurance companies
  • patients

The health care providers provide goods and services to the patient, who has to pay for them. But the cost of some medical procedures might be very high, especially if we’re talking about a life-threatening disease like cancer. Such medical cost might bankrupt a person.

That’s where the insurance companies come into play. A person pays a health care premium, and in case he does get seriously sick, he doesn’t have to pay the whole sum to the doctors/ hospitals. Instead, the insurance company is going to cover part of the bill.

Of course, how much the insurer is going to pay depends on your policy. Think of that policy as a contract between you and the insurance company that determines the sum and the circumstances.

Medicaid and Medicare

Most of the people have health insurance through their employers, who pay the health care premium. But not all people are employed, right? Those have the option to purchase health insurance or pay the whole bill in case of an emergency.

For those who don’t have the means to purchase health insurance, Medicaid appears.

Medicaid is a funded by the government and the state, and it provides health insurance to low-income and disabled people. Whether you’re eligible for the program varies from state to state because the low income is not the only criteria.

Medicare, on the other hand, provides health insurance to people aged 65 or over. They must be legal citizens of the USA for at least five years to be enrolled in the program. Others who qualify for Medicare are:

  • people with disabilities under 65 if they receive Social Security Disability Insurance benefits
  • people with specific medical conditions such as end-stage renal disease

 

What’s Obamacare?

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, strives to provide affordable health care to those who are not covered by their employer or Medicaid and Medicare. Before the introduction of the bill, the number of uninsured people was around 47 million Americans.

The key points of this act are:

  • Insurance companies can’t refuse a coverage based on a pre-existing condition. For example, you have diabetes, so the company refuses to insure you. They also can’t cut you off if you get chronically ill.
  • Establishes health insurance exchanges – online marketplace where you can buy a private insurance plan
  • Federal subsidies are an option for households with incomes 100%-400% of the FPL
  • People who don’t buy an insurance plan have to pay a tax, with some exemptions.
  • Expands Medicaid eligibility

 

Currently, there is a bill draft to make several amendments to the Obamacare Act. So, it’s very likely that the American health care system will undergo a major change somewhere in the future.

The Cholesterol Myths

The Cholesterol Myths

You might not know what cholesterol is, but you know that it is “evil” and “bad” for your health and that you’ll get a heart attack if your levels are too high. But is this true or cholesterol has been unjustly branded as a number one enemy?

Well, in this article, I’m going to unravel some of the most popular cholesterol myths.

 

Cholesterol is something bad

Cholesterol is a lipid (a fatty substance), produced by the liver, which circulates in the blood. But its role is not merely to clog your arteries, as you might have heard. On the contrary, cholesterol is essential for the normal functions of our organism.

To understand how important cholesterol is, let’s see its role in our body:

  • necessary for building cell membranes
  • essential for producing vitamin D
  • aids for producing certain hormones
  • vital for healthy brain functions
  • necessary for producing digestive bile

The simple truth is that your body needs cholesterol to work properly and that’s why low levels of cholesterol might be dangerous for your health.

 

High total cholesterol level is dangerous

You probably have heard about “good” and “bad” cholesterol or LDL and HDL. But the truth is that LDL or HDL is not cholesterol. LDL means low-density lipoprotein, while HDL means high-density lipoprotein.

LDL and HDL are actually responsible for carrying the cholesterol throughout your body. LDL is considered the “bad” guy, but its main role is to carry the cholesterol to the cells.

But when there is too much cholesterol the cells can’t use it, and the excess can build-up along the walls of the arteries and narrow them. That’s where HDL should come into play and transport the bad/ excess cholesterol back to the liver to be broken down.

So, to determine the risk of a heart disease, one has to look at the different components that make the total cholesterol level:

  • LDL
  • HDL
  • triglycerides
  • LP(a)

You might have a high total cholesterol count and low risk of a heart disease because your HDL level is high and your LDL low. But the interesting thing is that high LDL count is still not a good indicator for developing a heart disease because the cholesterol test doesn’t accurately measure LDL, it just guesses it.

On the other hand, high levels of triglycerides or LP(a) (“bad” LDL plus protein) are a risk for developing heart disease and are more accurate for determining one’s health.

No to cholesterol-rich food

That’s the biggest misconception about cholesterol, and many people are still avoiding cholesterol-rich food like eggs, meat, or whole milk because of it.

As we already said, our liver produces cholesterol and what we eat has little influence on the cholesterol level. In fact, only about 20% of the cholesterol in your blood comes from you eat. What matters here is the ability of the liver to get rid of the excess cholesterol and regulate your cholesterol levels.

So don’t feel guilty about eating a steak even if you have high cholesterol levels. Moreover, cholesterol-rich foods are good for your health because they also contain essential vitamins and minerals.

 

As you see cholesterol is not something you have to fear or reason to forget about your favorite food. It’s a good idea to keep an eye on your cholesterol levels, but I wouldn’t worry too much about a heart attack if I were you.

Autism Is Like Mercury Poisoning – Autism Mimics The Exact Same Symptoms As Mercury Poisoning!

Autism Is Like Mercury Poisoning – Autism Mimics The Exact Same Symptoms As Mercury Poisoning!

The recent years have seen an increase of Autism cases in kids – one in every 68 births to be precise, according to a report issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That’s not a worrisome trend, especially when scientists still don’t know what causes Autism.

However, in the last years, parents have come forward with the theory that autism mimics the same symptoms as mercury poisoning. And today we are going to see if there is any truth in that.

What is mercury?

Mercury is an element that exists in nature also known as quicksilver. It has several forms:

  • elemental mercury or pure mercury, frequently used in thermometers
  • inorganic mercury
  • organic mercury

It is highly toxic, especially organic mercury compound methylmercury, and it can damage the brain, kidneys, lungs, heart and immune system.

You can get exposed to mercury in several ways:

  • eating fish because methylmercury build-up in fish, shellfishes and some fish-eating animals
  • amalgam dental filings, which use mercury to make the filling pliable
  • breathing the vapors from a broken quicksilver thermometer
  • working with mercury

What’s the effect of mercury on children?

When an unborn baby is exposed to mercury or methylmercury, this could lead to many health issues, including:

  • impaired development
  • cognitive issues
  • fine motor and visual skill impairment
  • brain damage
  • birth defects

Since methylmercury is often found in fish, pregnant women are advised to be careful what kind of fish they eat.

For reference, Autism is characterized by delayed speech development, difficulties communicating with others, repetitive behavior, sensory problems, and narrow interests.

While there is some overlapping between the two conditions, children with autism do not have classic mercury poisoning symptoms such as muscle weakness, memory loss, loss of peripheral vision, skin rashes.

However, some parents have insisted that vaccines, which contained thiomersal (a mercury-based preservative), are the culprit for the rising numbers of Autism cases.

The truth is that thiomersal is no longer used in children vaccines in North American and Europe since 2001 but still hundreds of new cases emerge every year. Nowadays, thiomersal is used only in vaccines that are not recommended for young children such as DT (diphtheria and tetanus).

What about dental fillings?

After reading all this, you can’t but ask yourself – what should I do about my dental fillings if I’m pregnant? Well, a small amount of mercury is released in the form of vapor when you chew your food, and it is theoretically possible for it to have some effect on your unborn child.

However, studies have shown that we ingest more mercury from the food and air than we do from dental fillings. If you are worried about this, talk with your doctor but don’t attempt to remove the fillings while you’re pregnant. That could expose you and the baby to even more mercury.

 

It is true that Autism can mimic some of the symptoms of mercury poisoning. But that doesn’t mean that there is a causal link between the two, and there is little scientific data that proves such a connection.

The best thing you can do is try to avoid coming into contact with mercury during your pregnancy and keep an eye on the development of your baby. While Autism can’t be cured, an early detection might make a huge difference for the life of your child.

How Many Angels Can Fit On The Head Of A Pin?

You’ve probably heard the questions “How many angels can fit on the head of a pin?” and quickly dismissed it as nonsense. You might also have met it in the variant “How many angels can dance on the head of the pin?”

But you probably don’t know the fascinating history behind this question or its possible answers. Yes, this question has an answer. Just keep on reading to find it out.

History of the question

In medieval times, scholars debated on many problems related to faith, angels, and God. One such scholar was Thomas Aquinas, a renowned philosopher, jurist, theologian and a prominent representative of the scholasticism.

He debated on angel-related questions in his Summa Theologica, considered the masterpiece of the scholastic doctrine. He wondered if two angels can be in the same place or if one angel can be in several places at once.

Other possible references to this question include:

  • William Chillingworth in his Religion of Protestants states that scholars debate if “Million angels can fit upon a needle’s point?”
  • William Sclater in his works also accuses scholars on debating on pointless matters like “How many angels might sit upon a needle’s point?”

However, there is no written proof that Aquinas or any other medieval scholar actually reflected on how many angels dance on a pin. That’s why it’s possible that the question was created as a way to mock the medieval scholastic scholars.

It’s possible that the phrase “needle’s point” is actually a pun meaning needless point.

Is there a possible answer to this question?

Even though the question might have been a fabrication to ridicule the sophisticated methods of the scholastics and their endless debates, the question has an answer. It was given by Dorothy Sayers, a crime writer, essayist and Christian humanist.

According to her, the question is an exercise in debate. Angels are not beings with corporal bodies. They are pure energy and intelligence. As such, an infinite number of angels could sit on the head of the pin.

On the other hand, Thomas Aquinas concludes that two angels can’t be in the same place at the same time.  So logically, only one angel can dance on the head of a pin.

But that’s it if you believe in angels. If you are not a believer, the logical answer would be none because pins and needle points exist, while angels don’t.

Modern culture interpretations

This question has also found its place in modern culture and here are some funny answers:

  • According to Good Omens, a novel written by Terry Pratchett and Neil Gaiman, only Aziraphale can dance upon the pin’s head because he knows gavotte.
  • Granny Weatherwax from Terry Pratchett’s Carpe Jugulum answers 16 if we are talking about an ordinary needle.
  • Byron Gordon from Babylon-5 answers “As many as want to
  • Annals of Improbable Research, a humoristic magazine, calculates that the answer is 6766×1049 angels.

 

Today, the question “How many angels can fit on the head of a needle?” means pursuing something that has no value or occupying yourself with insignificant matters. So, don’t bother to count dancing angels.

Relation between aluminum concentrations in drinking water and Alzheimer’s disease

Relation between aluminum concentrations in drinking water and Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is among the leading causes of death in the United States, and it’s responsible for up to 70% of all the cases of dementia. And while old age is the main risk factor for developing the disease, today we’re going to talk about another potential factor – aluminum.

What’s Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurogenerative condition, characterized by the progressive death or degeneration of neurons (brain cells). To put it simply, a person with Alzheimer’s slowly losses his cognitive abilities from memory to speech.

The symptoms worsen over time, and unfortunately, the disease is incurable because we can’t stop the degeneration or death of neuron cells. We can only slow the symptoms down temporarily.

Apart from old age, potential risk factors for the disease are:

  • genes
  • family history
  • a prior head injury
  • sleep disorders
  • vascular and metabolic diseases

What’s the connection between Alzheimer’s and aluminum?

Alzheimer’s disease has been studied extensively, but scientists still speculate what cause its development. Among the many possible hypotheses, there is one called the Aluminum Hypothesis – an old theory going back to 1965.

Back then researchers discovered neurofibrillary tangles in the brains of rabbits injected with aluminum. That prompted them to look for a possible connection between the two because patients with Alzheimer have similar tangles in their brain.

Later on, a study on Alzheimer’s patients discovered aluminum in the brain in larger quantities than in people with no Alzheimer’s.

Another study was carried in France which observed 1, 925 subjects for 15 years and concluded that consumption of aluminum in drinking water might be a factor for developing Alzheimer’s.

Is aluminum dangerous?

It’s been known that aluminum is toxic and can lead to serious health issues if it builds up in the body. But even though we are frequently exposed to it, mainly through food and water, we usually don’t consume enough to pose a risk to our health.

Moreover, the body doesn’t absorb aluminum well, and in a healthy human, aluminum gets eliminated by the kidneys and doesn’t stay in the body.

But in people with kidney disease, aluminum does accumulate in the body because the kidneys can’t remove it effectively. Also, a person frequently exposed to aluminum in the air might develop lung problems. Here are some effective home remedies for  kidney stones that will cure you completely!

That’s why scientists speculate that exposure to aluminum in drinking water might lead to the build-up of this toxic metal in the brain and cause neurogenerative disease like Alzheimer’s.

Why the controversy?

While there are studies that support the Aluminum Hypothesis, many others reject it, and only a small group of scientists continue to work on this hypothesis today.

The reason why the study of aluminum and Alzheimer’s has yielded such confusing results is simple. Aluminum is present everywhere. In fact, it’s the third most abundant element on the planet.

You can find aluminum in:

  • in nature
  • in the soil
  • in the air
  • in some food like spinach
  • in medications
  • in water because aluminum salts are used for purifying purposes

That’s why it’s very hard to track a person’s exposure to aluminum during his life or the possible side effects.

 

In conclusion, we can say that aluminum might play a role in developing Alzheimer’s disease, in combination with other factors that are still unknown. But scientists still haven’t found a definite causal link between aluminum in drinking water and Alzheimer’s disease.

DiCalcium Phosphate

What About Life Glow Containing DiCalcium Phosphate?   I understand it is deadly!

This is the Page Containing The Original Claims By Fraudulent Companys:  DCP is dangerous!

Here is the lie exposed by a Real Expert!

DiCalcium Phosphate

Taken From A Fraudulent Company News Letter

Experience and Research

This discussion is in response to the numerous questions from people wanting more information about DCP (Di-Calcium Phosphate or Dibasic Calcium Phosphate).  Our position appears to be contrary to the majority of manufacturers and distributors of nutritional products.  our decision is based on research and years of experience watching results of dietary supplement intake on hair mineral analysis reports.

The Origin of DCP

Mined from deposits within the earth’s crust, calcium phosphate is known by many synonyms such as “lime,” “hardware lime,” “calcium lime” or “dolomite.”  Mixed samples of the substance may have a high percentage of impurities imbedded in them which may be harmful.  For instance, one of the compounds found in DCP may be lead.  Dolomite, in particular, has been singled out as containing a high percentage of lead.

While we refer to DCP as Di-Calcium Phosphate, the term is used broadly to include all forms of calcium phosphate.  Some deposits may be slightly higher proportionately as regards to particular ingredients.  Whatever the differences, all are considered forms of calcium phosphate and act metabolically in a similar manner.

Absorption and Breakdown Problems

Incapable of breaking down completely, DCP is a poor source of maintaining or replacing calcium in your bones.  Like all forms of calcium, it will dissolve in stomach hydrochloric acid (HCl).  However, being bound to phosphate, DCP is not totally soluble in stomach acid.  When only partially reduced in HCl, it is reduced enough to absorb, but insufficiently for proper metabolism.  As calcium collects in the arteries, it may cause arteriosclerotic heart disease.  Should this element end up in the tissues, it may cause premature aging by encouraging excessive wrinkling of the skin.   The problems DCP may cause in soft tissues deserve further discussion.

Excessive DCP Found in Patients with Tendinitis, Weakening of Bones, Kidney Stones

Analyzing the calcium, phosphorous, and salt content of muscle fiber patients, researchers have discovered that all patients suffering from calcifying tendonitis showed elevated levels of both calcium and phosphorous.  The presence of these elements implies that they play a role in the development  of calcifying, degenerating tendinitis.

A 1997 abstract from the National Kidney Foundation points the finger at abnormal calcium and phosphate levels (combined with calcitriol metabolism ensuing from renal failure) as causing secondary hyperparathyroidism (which can lead to weakening of the bones and the formation of kidney stones) as well as renal ostendystrophy.  After 35 years of age, our calcium balance tends to become negative;  however, current dialysis treatments provide renal disease patients — regardless of age — with excessive calcium.  it seems that the current thrice-weekly renal replacement therapies fail to remove the daily absorbed phosphate.  In order to reduce  internal phosphate absorption, calcium carbonate has to be used as a primary phosphate-binding agent.   According to the abstract, “the large calcium mass transfer and phosphate retention could lead to soft tissue calcification, especially in older end-stage renal disease patients.”

Facts To Remember About DCP

In spite of its industry-wide use, DCP:

  • is non-hygroscopic by nature (will not absorb water).  This makes it nearly “insoluble” by those with a limited supply of hydrochloric acid (HCl).   When sufficient HCl is present, the DCP tablets will break down; however, they can contribute to soft tissue calcification.
  • contains inorganic calcium; not the best sources of the element.
  • is cited as a possible cause of kidney stones
  • is an alkalizer which could neutralize hydrochloric acid and conceivably hinder the absorption of minerals.
  • is a mineral antagonist, particularly with such elements as manganese.

The most common kidney stones are made of calcium oxalate, a hard salt compound, or calcium oxalate mixed with calcium phosphate.  It appears that 70 to 80 percent of kidney stones are made of these calcium salts.  In The Kidney Stones Handbook, author Gail Colomb mentions that taking calcium-based supplements can increase the chance of stone formation in some people.

Absorption Inhibiting

A 1982 Science News article stated that if a child should swallow some liquid lead paint the ingestion of a cola drink could possibly counteract the normal absorption processes and prevent the lead from being absorbed.

While the aforementioned story had a happy ending, phosphate’s non-absorbable character can also create problems.  For instance, supplements containing dicalcium phosphate may form a nonabsorable complex with tetracycline.  When you consider that tetracycline drugs are commonly used to treat such conditions as bronchitis and certain types of pneumonia, this propensity could create an inconvenient situation, to say the least.

We take Exception to DCP

We have found it difficult to discover a single company which does not include DCP in either the tablet or capsule base in any of their products. Many companies use DCP in at least a few of their tablet products; some use it extensively.

Because we take exception to DCP, Fraudulent Companys is an exception to this trend.   DCP is a phosphate, it may inhibit nutrient absorption even though tablets or capsules.

Fraudulent Companys


Leading Nutritional Scientists Exposes
False Claims Made By Fraudulent Companys
About DCP
(DiCalcium Phosphate)


[Under threat of lawsuit by “Fraudulent Company” this expert had to beg me to NOT use his name!]

I have examined the material you sent me entitled “Secret #2” and “They must dissolve,” copyright 1995 by Fraudulent Companys System.  This is some of the most incredible nonsense I have ever encountered.  Most of it is incorrect, and much of it is internally inconsistent and self-0contradictory.  I will discuss it paragraph by paragraph.  First, however, it is important to recognize that what the author describes as di-calcium phosphate is really dibasic calcium phosphate, CaHPO4.  There also exist monobasic calcium phosphate, Ca(H2PO4) and tribasic calcium phosphate, Ca3(PO4)2.

Secret #2

Paragraph 1)  I have no problem with this.

P 2 & 3)  The point of these paragraphs is that dibasic calcium phosphate is a binder with terrible nutritional properties and is poorly absorbed by the body.  as you are aware, dibasic calcium phosphate is NOT a binder and has no physical or chemical properties which would make it useful as one.  Dibasic calcium phosphate is instead used as a filler, because it is inert, unreactive, and cheap.   The zillion other names by which it goes are unfamiliar to me unless the author refers to the other phosphate sales of calcium, as I outlined above, or unless he means various trade names (just as Cheerios are called Cheerios by their manufacturer and not “roasted oats shaped like little doughnuts.”_

Anyway, I know of no manufacturer who deliberately attempts to disguise the use of dibasic calcium phosphate, because it is innocuous.  Further, none of the calcium phosphates have any property similar to cement.  The only true statement in these paragraphs is that dibasic calcium phosphate is not absorbed well by the body, because it is only very slightly soluble in water or stomach acid.  This is why most calcium supplements use calcium carbonate, citrate, or glycerophosphate as calcium sources.

These salts are water soluble and the calcium assimilable, dibasic calcium phosphate is not well absorbed and passes pretty well unchanged through the digestive system.

The author then attributes blocked blood vessels, joint discomfort, kidney stones, gallstones, Alzheimer’s, excess calcium in the hair, improper absorption of other nutrients, and premature aging to the use of dibasic calcium phosphate.  All of these conditions are associated with excess concentrations of calcium in various parts of the body beyond the digestive system, with the possible exception of premature aging, whatever that means. But the author can’t possibly have it both ways. 

If dibasic calcium phosphate is very poorly soluble, and it is, then how does all this calcium get all through the body?? Into the hair, the kidneys, blood, synovial fluid, gall bladder, brain, etc.??  Why doesn’t it just go right through and be excreted?? Of course, that’s exactly what does happen.

The last part of the 3rd paragraph discusses the “fact” that, since dibasic calcium phosphate is not very soluble it is “incompletely reduced,” and therefore not properly metabolized.  This makes no sense.  The thermodynamic equilibrium constant for the dissociation of dibasic calcium phosphate controls the extend of dissociation and the amount of free calcium ions released into the stomach;  once these ions have dissociated they may be metabolized.  There exists absolutely no evidence of any kind in the scientific literature that they end up preferentially in soft tissue sites.  The lack of such evidence may explain why the so-called holistic medical community has seen fit to invent the name “blocking agent” to describe behavior which does not occur.

Paragraph 4)  As I have explained above, calcium which does not dissolve (in other words, the dibasic calcium phosphate to which the author objects so strongly) cannot reach the arteries to cause arteriosclerotic disease, cannot reach the joints to cause arthritis, and cannot cause wrinkles and premature aging.  The second part of the paragraph, which outlines how free phosphate can tie up mineral nutrients and inhibit their absorption, is true, but irrelevant.  Dibasic calcium phosphate contains no free phosphate; it is already tied up by the calcium.  Just as the calcium in dibasic calcium phosphate is not absorbable because it is complexed by the phosphate; neither is the phosphate free to complex other metal ions, because it is complexed by the calcium.

Paragraph 5)  this refers to the various calcium salts I discussed above.

They Must Dissolve

Paragraph 1)  Leaving aside the fact that very few people are deficient in stomach acid, and that most tablets do both disintegrate and dissolve, it is certainly true that a tablet which does not disintegrate may not release all its active ingredient.  This is why careful formulators include tablet disintegrants in their tablet formulations.  The presence or absence of dibasic calcium phosphate has no particular relationship with the dis integration or dissolution time of a tablet formulated with a disintegrant.  As a matter of fact, there are some occasions where calcium phosphate sales are added to formulations to make the tablet disintegrate more rapidly.

Further, in this paragraph DCP is called a strong alkalizer, and reference is made to Tums as a well known alkalizing calcium product.  Tums contains calcium carbonate not calcium phosphate.  The carbonate anion is the alkalizer, as it neutralizes stomach acid.  The dibasic phosphoric acid anion exists only between pH 3 and 7 (in acid solution) and will not neutralize acids; carbonate ions exist only above approximately pH 10, in strongly alkaline solution.

Paragraph 2)  Studies showing that tablets become harder and disintegrate more slowly as they get older don’t particularly surprise me, but this is true regardless of whether they are formulated using dibasic calcium phosphate or not.   There are probably ten other factors which can explain this phenomenon.   That’s why most tablets bear an expiration or freshness date.

Paragraph 3)  All phosphates won’t.   Only water-soluble phosphates, such as sodium or potassium phosphates, or free phosphoric acid, will interfere with the absorption of other mineral nutrients.   Because dibasic calcium phosphate is relatively insoluble, the phosphate it contains is unable to react with other minerals.

Paragraph 4)  More nonsense.  If one wanted to formulate a manganese product containing 30 mg manganese per tablet one would severely endanger is customer, as this is a massive overdose.  If one instead was to formulate a 5 mg manganese tablet weight 700 mg he would probably use 10 mg manganese carbonate (which is about 50% manganese by weight), about 140 mg microcrystalline cellulose as a binder, 520 mg dibasic calcium phosphate (which contains only 150 mg calcium, not 300) as a filler, and 20 mg of lubricant and disintegrant.  I present this illustration primarily to show that the author knows no0thing about tablet formulation;’ there is no relation between the amount of insoluble dibasic calcium phosphate and the absorption of whatever manganese is present in the tablet.

Paragraph 5 – 7)  This is just hype.  if these folks want to eliminate dibasic calcium phosphate from their tablets that’s fine, but it has no objectionable qualities, and some fillers are certainly necessary, as shown in the previous paragraph where the formulation contains about 75% by weight filler.  if they don’t use calcium phosphates, then what do they use?  other common and cheap tablet fillers are calcium sulfate, to which I would presume they might have similar objections, various sugars, starches, and flocs, dairy whey, etc.  Many consumers object to these fillers for other dietary reasons.  You must use something; what do they use.

Please call me if you have other questions about this.  I’ve enclosed a copy of my C.V for your use so you wouldn’t think I’m as dumb as those guys.

Best Regards,

[Withheld under threat of extortion]

Curriculum Vitae

Experience:  [Some deleted to preserve privacy]

    Provides consulting and information services to the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries in the areas of regulatory affairs, labeling, quality assurance & control, and produce development.

Vita-Fresh Vitamin Company, Inc. (1985-1986)

    Vice President of Science & Technology for major manufacturer of vitamin supplements & OTC drugs.  Reformulated major product line for enhanced sales appeal and 6-figure annual manufacturing cost saving.   Created product and raw material specifications and revised operating manual and drug master file.

Technical Director.  Responsible for regulatory affairs, product development, and QA & QC for this manufacturer of nutritional supplements & OTC products.  Ensured compliance of formulations, labeling, advertising, sales and technical literature with appropriate laws and regulations of federal and state authorities.

Abbot Laboratories, Diagnostics Division (1972 – 1985)

QA/QC for manufacturer of in vitro diagnostic reagents.   analytical methods development, stability operating procedures, GMP audits, etc.

Education:

B.S. Chemistry, Stanford University 1966.  Independent research on preparative ruthenium chemistry with Prof. Henry Taube, 183 Nobel laureate.

PhD Inorganic Chemistry, Penn State University 1973.  Dissertation: “Electronic & Molecular Structures of Platinum Group Aquochloro & Chlorocarbonyl Complexes”

Member:

American Chemical Society

American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists

Institute of Food Technologists